Practical life activities are the foundation of the Montessori curriculum, and are vital in the development of concentration, coordination, ability to follow a process, and a positive self-esteem. They also teach children to care for themselves and their environment, helping them to become more independent.
The Sensorial materials guide the child in the powers of discrimination, and thus help children become more aware of variations in the tangible world. The child learns sequencing, categorizing, problem solving, and classifying. These materials are the foundation of the development of the mathematical mind.
In Language, the process of learning to read and write almost always comes naturally and begins with a student’s first interest. After several sounds are mastered, the student can begin to encode (spell) and decode (read) words by linking these sounds together. Students engage in various exercises and activities to improve their writing skills and study habits. We give the children rich vocabulary by incorporating language into everything we do. We give the names of everything; objects, the inside and outside environments, the solar system, the species of animals, bones, leaves, plants, etc. We explain everything we do from learning a new material, bandaging a finger, baking bread, or looking at worms in the garden. Children engage in various exercises and activities using poetry and rhythm, sharing their stories, and asking questions during show-and-tell and so much more.
Mathematics activities include numbers through ten, the decimal system, linear and skip counting, tables of arithmetic and the passage to abstraction, and fractions. The beautiful wooden and beaded materials used by the students are very exact with built-in control of error to help develop the sense of accurateness, concreteness, and independence. Because the materials are self-correcting, the child gains confidence from correcting their own work as well as developing problem-solving and decision making skills.
The Science curriculum provides each child with a basic knowledge of: zoology, botany, matter, energy, earth science, astronomy, human development, nutrition and health. It develops an awareness of science concepts through discovery and experimentation. Included within the curriculum are hands-on lessons in the areas of botany, zoology and physical science. This curriculum cultivates children’s fascination with the universe and helps them develop a lifelong interest in observing nature and discovering more about the world we live in.
History and Geography lessons include working with maps, land and water forms and exploration of the seven continents. Students learn about world culture. These studies include foods, customs, celebrations and differences and similarities around the world Montessori cultural lessons provide individual and group activities, which help the students to acquire knowledge in the areas of cultural, biology (botany and zoology), geography, history and science.